[Jan 19 2004]
This is the closing poem to the story “The Church that was at Antioch”, added when that story was collected in Limits and Renewals in 1932. Included in Rudyard Kipling’s Verse Definitive Edition 1940 (reprinted many times) and in Rudyard Kipling Selected Poems, Penguin Books 1993.
Background to the poem
See the notes in this Guide on the story “The Church that was at Antioch”.
Some comments on the poem
The language of this poem is crystal clear, which is perhaps one reason why it has attracted virtually no critical comment. By placing it at the end of “The Church that was at Antioch”, which is mainly concerned with the development of aspects of Jesus’ teaching by his “Disciples” St. Peter and above all St. Paul, Kipling was emphasising the applicability of the poem’s deeply pessimistic message to Christianity, which many have thought owes more to the teachings of St Paul than to those of Jesus himself.
However, as Angus Wilson points out in The Strange Ride of Rudyard Kipling(page 339), the last stanza specifically rejects any doctrinal claim to the supremacy of Christianity by extending the thrust of the poem to the role of disciples in the three great religions founded by individuals:
He that hath a Gospel
[Line 5] Calvary. The hill outside Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified. To “go to Calvary” is thus to suffer for one’s beliefs.
[Lines 35 and 36] The Carpenter is Christ, the cameleer Mohammed, and Maya’s dreaming son the Buddha.
[Line 38] gall. The bitter contents of the gall-bladder — here used metaphorically to mean asperity or rancour.