The City of Dreadful Night
Notes edited by David Page.
In preparing these notes, the present Editor has drawn where appropriate on those of the ORG. References explained in earlier chapters of this series on Calcutta are not repeated.
THE REFLECTIONS OF A SAVAGE
... a European policeman is paid to stand opposite the Great Eastern Hotel, to turn bullock carts into by-lanes, out of the way of the Burra Sahibs.Kipling here calls him a 'Bobby' as people have done in London since 1828 when (Sir) Robert Peel – as Home Secretary – put the Metropolitan Police Act through Parliament, 'Bobby' being a pet nickname from Robert. [ORG] Nowadays there are a number of other nicknames for a London police officer, including 'the Old Bill'.
an expert committee of historians, set up by the Calcutta High Court, has held that the city was not founded by the English trader Job Charnock. It was believed till date that Job Charnock was the founder of Calcutta, now renamed Kolkata, and August 24, 1690, was the "birthday" of the metropolis. A unanimous report of the committee, which was presented before the division bench of Chief Justice A K Mathur and Justice Jayanta Biswas, said that the origin of the city was part of a general process of rural settlement, clusters of which agglomerated in the last decade of the 17th century into the English companies' trading factory.[Page 209, line 27] through the Parcels Post effectively a mail order system, not unlike that operated by Sears Roebuck in the USA.